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Explanations

ExplanationS TO the IGS SSS

Prerequisites to the creation of IGS SSS.  

    
     
The development of the oceans provides mankind with additional resources and promising opportunities for the development of civilization. There is no doubt that human activities in the seas and oceans will have a character all of the expanding geographically and by accelerating its pace of the process. Objective and inevitable consequence of this process is to further develop international cooperation in the vast areas of the oceans. In particular, already regulated by the behavior of the maritime countries in the areas of economic responsibility, and security issues of international shipping, continues active development and implementation of appropriate requirements for vessels and operators have been created and are in the normal operation of international satellite communications, navigation and distress COSPAS - SARSAT, Inmarsat and GLONASS, organized the collective participation of different countries in solving specific problems of direct rescue at sea and in neutralizing the effects of environmental disasters at sea, etc. etc.

    The limits of international maritime cooperation will be further, on the one hand, the real needs of mankind and, on the other - its technical capabilities to provide these needs. At certain points in time the increased technical capabilities allows us to translate the solution of certain important problems in a qualitatively different, higher level, in particular - to move from the regional level to address the global level.

 Currently all the technical prerequisites are ripe for decision at the global level the main task of international cooperation at sea - the problem of security diversified human activities on the seas and oceans.

The concept of maritime security.

    In general, the term "maritime security" includes a large number of components: a and reliability of ships and their systems and equipment, and training qualified crew, and the introduction by ships of modern warning systems for disasters, as well as external systems to detect vessels in distress, and to ensure navigational safety, including the introduction of modern digital mapping tools, as well as the development of emergency - rescue structures and their fleet, ensuring environmental safety of marine flora and fauna from the effects of human activities, etc. and so on, until the implementation of security and police functions at sea and oceans. Below we are talking about the security sector, which is associated with the use of specialized courts or other technical means, first of all crashes - the rescue mission, however, as the courts and of solving a number of other urgent tasks at sea.

Existing facilities.

The current situation in the sector of maritime security is characterized by active development and already operating in the presence of the above-mentioned date of notification of emergencies at sea, determining the exact coordinates of the place of incidents and to establish two-way communication with victims, as well as the presence of well-developed national rescue - focal points and relevant emergency - rescue units, marine and aviation assets. Achilles' heel of these structures is the lack of maritime security capabilities to provide emergency, emergency assistance in case of incidents at a considerable distance from the coast, ports and bases, as available in emergency - rescue and other maritime structures, funds do not have high-speed turn. Using the same aircraft (and float) does not solve the whole range of tasks necessary rescue and maritime security in general, and often ineffective gidrometeousloviyam, a number of related accidents, the causes, limited themselves aircraft (in particular, the impossibility of finding and seaplane traffic for a long time on the water surface , especially in the excitement of the sea, delivery of large floating rescue funds needed heavy equipment, etc.), and the use of helicopters in general is limited to coastal seas and remoteness of the bases. The primary means of assisting in the sea remain vessels and ships Accidentally live near the crime scene, no special equipment and maloprisposoblennye to solve the problems, that generally does not constitute an effective system. In addition, existing in the world of emergency - rescue and other structures generally are not designed to solve many problems that are part of a multidimensional concept of maritime security.

    Tragic illustration and, unfortunately, not only to the above is the recent crash of the Airbus A330 EyrFrans with 228 people on board over the waters of the Atlantic in late May 2009. Potential assistance to victims of disaster could be provided only by the courts, the arrival to the place where the crash took about 4 days, which, however, leaves no hope for the effectiveness of such assistance.

New technical capabilities.

     Supply and actually solve a much broader issue of maritime security can only achieve building of WIGs to ensure the creation of a new type of high-speed marine vehicles that move with air velocities near the water surface, on the one hand, and able to make the necessary long-running operations while in the water surface, with another.

Building of WIGs technology was developed in the second half of XX century in the Soviet Union, Central Design Bureau in the courts by hydrofoil (CDB ON SEC) under the leadership of the initiators of the WIG, the famous designer hydrofoils REAlexeev. Successes ekranoplanostroeniya that ignited the creation of the end of 1980 the largest in the world WIG "Eaglet" (amphibious), and "Lun" (rocket) with a takeoff weight of 110 tons and 350 tons respectively, were described in the media have quite a lot. These WIG related to their technical configuration for single-mode ekranoplans average take-off mass of the I generation, has proved in principle the possibility of water on the waters of the unusually high compared with the vessels speed.

However, further development of energy, materials, avionics, general construction technology of high-speed vessels and aircraft, you can create an increasingly large airfoil with a substantially higher capacity, flight and nautical characteristics. The task of implementing such WIG was formulated and proved a doctor of technical sciences, Honored Designer RF E.A Aframeevym in 1977. As a result, significant numbers of the subsequent design of experimental studies is now possible to assert that can be created not only the heavy WIG II generation weighing 700 - 800 tons, but the relevant maritime transport systems based on them. Such airfoil capable of operating in open seas and oceans at large distances from the coast, enabling it to decide in a sea of problems of global concern.

And a priority system based on dual-mode heavy WIG II generation may be offered to the creation of the International Global System for Maritime Security. In the above case with the Airbus A330 winged IGS SSS would have been at the crash site within 3-4 hours.

 

Afterword.

It should be noted that the appearance of IGS SSS left a deep imprint on the whole organization of shipping and human activity in the oceans. The system will not only organize such activities and to assist in its implementation, but also may serve as a maritime analog ground of the UN force, as a tool for influencing the international community at the global level on the state and structure, exploiting the world's oceans. Now we can put such a task that until now, due to lack of appropriate technical capabilities before the international community and not assumed. Establishment of the International Global Positioning System Maritime Security may well be the project of the century.

        In establishing a system of maritime safety, no doubt, be interested in all the owners of sea and ocean-going vessels in the world, airline companies that fly over the water area, navies of the countries whose ships, submarines, etc. ply the seas and oceans, a company producing a sea of oil and other minerals, the researchers of the seas and oceans, and all other entities whose activities are connected with the sea. Naturally, that interested in it, and ship and aircraft manufacturers since the establishment of a system means new orders for WIG, providing the court and other infrastructure system SSS and its subsequent maintenance.

        Problem of developing and implementing the system IGU PSC can be solved only through a truly international cooperation of the industrialized countries on the basis of their existing science, technology and industrial base. This cooperation Russia could play a leading role, given the wealth of experience of building of WIGs which it possesses. You could even say that giving priority to Russia in the development of WIG themselves, and in particular - in the organization setting up the International Global Positioning System Maritime Security, is the moral duty of national leaders of science and industry. Russia's leading role would be to create and initialize the International Consortium on the basis of broad cooperation of potential users of the system, leading shipbuilding and aircraft design and manufacturing companies, research organizations, insurance companies and other entities to further develop the project and the dual-mode heavy winged the whole system as a whole.

        If, however, from the Russian side will not be accompanied by targeted persistent efforts in support of the idea of establishing an international global maritime security, we will someday once again remember and prove to the world a priority in this area. To protect its priority should be not only on paper.

 

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